Keyword search (1,806 papers available)


Characterizing white matter alterations subject to clinical laterality in drug-naïve de novo Parkinson's disease

Author(s): Xiao Y; Peters TM; Khan AR;

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by a range of motor and nonmotor symptoms, often with the motor dysfunction initiated unilaterally. Knowledge regarding disease-related alterations in white matte...

Article GUID: 34106502

Data-driven beamforming technique to attenuate ballistocardiogram artefacts in electroencephalography-functional magnetic resonance imaging without detecting cardiac pulses in electrocardiography recordings

Author(s): Uji M; Cross N; Pomares FB; Perrault AA; Jegou A; Nguyen A; Aydin U; Lina JM; Dang-Vu TT; Grova C;...

Simultaneous recording of electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a very promising non-invasive neuroimaging technique. However, EEG data obtained from the ...

Article GUID: 34101939

Ultrasound Imaging Analysis of the Lumbar Multifidus Muscle Echo Intensity: Intra-Rater and Inter-Rater Reliability of a Novice and an Experienced Rater

Author(s): Fortin M; Rosenstein B; Levesque J; Nandlall N;

Background and Objectives: Ultrasound echo intensity (EI) of the lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM) could offer valuable insights regarding muscle quality in people with low back pain (LBP). However, whether the rater's experience noticeably influences the ...

Article GUID: 34065340

The effects of combined motor control and isolated extensor strengthening versus general exercise on paraspinal muscle morphology and function in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomised controlled trial protocol

Author(s): Fortin M; Rye M; Roussac A; Naghdi N; Macedo LG; Dover G; Elliott JM; DeMont R; Weber MH; Pepin V;...

Background: Exercise is a common approach for the management of patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP). However, there is no clear mechanistic evidence or consensus on what type of ...

Article GUID: 34022854

How cerebral cortex protects itself from interictal spikes: The alpha/beta inhibition mechanism

Author(s): Pellegrino G; Hedrich T; Sziklas V; Lina JM; Grova C; Kobayashi E;

Interactions between interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) and distant cortical regions subserve potential effects on cognition of patients with focal epilepsy. We hypothesize that "healthy" brain areas at a distance from the epileptic focus may respond...

Article GUID: 34002916

Association Between Pain Catastrophizing and Pain and Cardiovascular Changes During a Cold-Pressor Test in Athletes

Author(s): Lentini M; Scalia J; Lebel FB; Touma F; Jhajj A; Darlington PJ; Dover G;

Context: Athletes are often exposed to pain due to injury and competition. Using preliminary evidence, researchers have shown that cardiovascular measures could be an objective measure of pain, but the cardiovascular response can be influenced by psychologi...

Article GUID: 34000018

Weight bias and support of public health policies

Author(s): Edache IY; Kakinami L; Alberga AS;

Objectives: Public health policies have been proposed to help address prevalent Canadian obesity rates. Along with the increase in obesity prevalence, explicit weight bias is also rampant in Western society. This paper aimed to assess the association betwee...

Article GUID: 33990876

Putting ATM to BED: How Adipose Tissue Macrophages Are Affected by Bariatric Surgery, Exercise, and Dietary Fatty Acids

Author(s): Turner L; Santosa S;

With increasing adiposity in obesity, adipose tissue macrophages contribute to adipose tissue malfunction and increased circulating proinflammatory cytokines. The chronic low-grade inflammation that occurs in obesity ultimately gives rise to a state of meta...

Article GUID: 33979430

White matter microstructural changes in short-term learning of a continuous visuomotor sequence

Author(s): Tremblay SA; J├Ąger AT; Huck J; Giacosa C; Beram S; Schneider U; Grahl S; Villringer A; Tardif CL; Bazin PL; Steele CJ; Gauthier CJ;...

Efficient neural transmission is crucial for optimal brain function, yet the plastic potential of white matter (WM) has long been overlooked. Growing evidence now shows that modifications to axons ...

Article GUID: 33885965